Harper Jefcoat
Harper Jefcoat

American Eskimo Dog: History, Facts, & Physical Traits

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13 min read

American Eskimo Dog

On This Page

  • American Eskimo Dog History and Origin
  • American Eskimo Dog vs. Samoyed
  • American Eskimo Dog Size
  • American Eskimo Dog Physical Traits
  • American Eskimo Dog Grooming

American Eskimo Dog or Eskie is sometimes called “the dog beautiful” by admirers. With his fluffy white coat, it looks like that he came from an igloo. However, he has a very different origin.

Therefore, this dog breed is not from America but originated in Germany and descended from the German Spitz. Also, Eskie keeps its owners on their toes with high-energy antics. Moreover, this breed is a perfect balance of brains and beauty for the right owner.

If you want to adopt this breed for an emotional support animal and learn more about this breed. Therefore, continue reading this blog and know everything about American Eskimo.

American Eskimo Dog History and Origin

In the 1800s, the German immigrants came to the United States, and they introduced Americans to the spitz breed.

American Eskimo was created from Nordic breeds and a member of the Spitz family. In the early 1900s, the breed came to America, where its name changed to American Spitz. During World War I, its name officially changed to American Eskimo Dog.

However, now they are known as a separate breed and changed the name from American Spitz to American Eskimo Dog. Also, the Samoyed, Keeshond, the white Italian Spitz, and the white Pomeranian are related to the American Eskimo Dog. Also, the European workers use these dogs for watchdogs when they come to America.

Moreover, the White Spitz dogs were first brought by German settlers to America, and despite their name, they have not related to the Eskimo culture.

Also, in 1969 the National American Eskimo Dog Association was formed, and the herd book was closed. The American Eskimo Dog Club of America in 1985 was formed to achieve AKC (American Kennel Club) recognition. Furthermore, on 1st July 1995, American Kennel Club accepted the American Eskimo Dog.

This dog breed is an intelligent dog and was considered as a multi-purpose working dog of the farm. They have the best herding instincts and a very obedient dog breed.

American Eskimo Dog vs. Samoyed

The American Eskimo Dog and Samoyed are the two breeds that look gorgeous and will catch people’s eyes walking down the street.

Also, these two breeds look alike, but some characteristics set them apart. Below the table give you a better understanding of these two breeds.

FactorsAmerican Eskimo DogSamoyed
OriginAmerica, GermanyRussia
SheddingShed twice a year heavilyShed twice a year heavily
Size9 - 20 inches19 - 23.5 inches
CoatLong with a short undercoat (Fluffy)Long with a short undercoat (Dense)
Life Span Time13-15 years12-14 years
Weight6-35 pounds35-65 pounds
GroomingRequire average groomingRequire a lot of grooming
TemperamentHappy around its owner. and will treat everyone else indifferentlyEasy to adjust with strangers and pets
Family FriendlySuper FriendlySuper Friendly
IntelligenceMore IntelligentLess Intelligent
Energy LevelHigh EnergyMedium Energy
AdaptabilityFit for the large houses and apartmentsFit for the large houses and apartments
ColorWhite, BiscuitWhite, Biscuit, Cream
Sensitivity LevelMore sensitiveLess sensitive
Social NeedsNeed a lot of social interactionA Social breed
Health IssuesFewer health issuesFewer health issues
SleepingDon’t sleep too muchDon’t sleep too much

American Eskimo Dog Size

An American Eskimo dog is a playful breed that varies in size and can be available in three different sizes. Some people prefer larger dog breeds, so some prefer smaller breeds.

Here is a size chart of the American Eskimo Dog.

Toy American Eskimo DogMiniature American Eskimo DogStandard American Eskimo Dog
7 - 10 pounds11 - 20 pounds20 - 40 pounds
9 - 12 inches13 - 15 inches16 - 19 inches

American Eskimo Dog Physical Traits

American Eskimo Dogs are sometimes described as “busy dogs” because they need a lot more exercise than other dog breeds. They are active, which means they will quickly learn new tricks. Also, with playful and amiable nature, they make an excellent pet for emotional support.

Below you can find a few physical traits of the American Eskimo Dog.

  • Small to Medium-sized
  • Nordic type body
  • Strong and compact
  • Skull is wedge-shaped
  • Slightly crowned and wide between the ears
  • Compact and oval
  • Toes are well arched
  • White toenails
  • No dewclaws on the back legs
  • Slightly oval
  • Tear stain underneath the eyes
  • Medium to dark brown, dark brown to black rims, and white eyelashes
  • Strong close-fitting teeth
  • Dark brown to black
  • Medium length
  • Slightly arched
  • Pure white or white with biscuit cream color coat
  • Double coat with a dense undercoat and a longer outer coat
  • Texture is straight
  • Broad muzzle not exceeding the skull length
  • Lips are thin and tight
  • Erect triangular shaped ears
  • Slightly blunt-tipped
  • Moderately high, reaching near the point of the hock
  • Bold, agile, and balanced gait
  • Well angulated with muscular shoulders
  • Well angulated
  • Well muscled and powerful thigh
  • Stifles are well bent
  • Front legs are parallel to each other
  • Softly wedge-shaped, with the widest breadth between the ears
  • Slightly crowned

American Eskimo Dog Grooming

An American Eskimo Dog requires regular brushing and bathing. With their double coats, they need to be bathed and dried for a neat look. However, selecting the correct product is essential to achieve the best results. They need a gentle yet effective product to avoid the dog's coat from being damaged.

With bathing, brushing is also necessary to prevent the dog from becoming tangled. Also, the Eskies shed, so thorough brushing is essential to remove its dead hairs.

However, when you use the dryer over the coat, make sure the dog doesn’t get irritated and not quickly move the dryer back and forth. Slowly move the dryer on the coat.

Also, apply the shampoo to the dog coat and build a healthy, strong, and manageable coat. Try to avoid using heavy conditioners and hot water; it makes their skill dull and damaged.

Some dog owners apply oil on the dog’s fur to prevent dirt and bacteria. Therefore, it is good, and it never makes its skin dry and irritated.

Moreover, like all other breeds, properly trim the nails of the American Eskimo Dog. Also, trimming the pads of the foot helps to give a good grip to the dog on different surfaces. It also improves the dog’s paws from cracks and rubbing. Check their ears and remove all the dirt.

It is important to check the anal glands of your dog by their vet. This will keep them healthy and free from illness. Also, dental hygiene is necessary for a healthy dog.

Further, comb their skin at least twice daily during summer because this helps remove fleas and ticks more quickly than just waiting until after finding one or two on the dog.

Frequently Asked Questions

How much does an American Eskimo Dog cost?

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The average cost is $600-$4500 if you want to adopt an American Eskimo Dog. The cost may increase if you purchase from a breeder, usually around $1,000-$1,500.

Are American Eskimo dogs dangerous?

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The American Eskimo dog is not dangerous and has been considered to be the friendliest breed of dogs. It is best for families with kids who can get a lot of love from their lovable pet. This breed also makes an excellent companion because they will always want attention.

Do American Eskimo dogs bite?

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Yes, like other dogs, American Eskimo also has a biting habit. Therefore, your dog should learn that biting is only appropriate for chewing on treats and toys and that humans are off-limits.

Do American Eskimo dogs smell?

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The American Eskimo dogs rarely smell unless they are dirty. However, you must keep them clean. Also, they love the cold climate and want to play in the water.

Harper Jefcoat


Harper Jefcoat

Harper Jefcoat is a dedicated pet enthusiast and esteemed author at RealESALetter.com. With a profound passion for animals, Harper combines extensive knowledge and personal experience to provide insightful and informative content. Specializing in canine behavior and wellness, he strives to empower pet owners with the tools and understanding they need to nurture and care for their furry friends effectively. Harper’s writings reflect his commitment to enhancing the lives of pets and their owners, making him a trusted voice in the pet community.

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