Harper Jefcoat
Harper Jefcoat

All About Siberian Cat Breed - Traits & Characteristics

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9 min read


On This Page

  • Siberian Cat History
  • Siberian Cat Physical Attributes
  • Siberian Cat Characteristics
  • Siberian Cat Personality
  • Siberian Cat Health Issues
  • Siberian Cat Care & Grooming
  • Siberian Cat Diet & Nutrition
  • Siberian Cats for Sale
  • Siberian Cat as an Emotional Support Animal

There are different types of cat breeds from all around the world. The Siberian cat is a breed of domestic cat. Siberian Forest Cat is the formal name of this cat breed.

The national cat of Russia originally known as Russia's native forest cat - Siberian cats have been around for 1,000 years. These cats are highly affectionate and get along well with their owners and other family members. Siberian cats are the national treasure of Russia.

These cats have been documented in Russia for many years and are also mentioned in fairy tales and children’s books. This cat breed has also appeared in the book ‘Our Cats and All About Them’ by Harrison Weir.

In 1990, these cats arrived in the United States. Siberian cats also played their role on farms in controlling rodents. These are the cat’s nature designed to survive. From their appearance to traits and characteristics, learn more about the Siberian cat breed in this article.

Siberian Cat History

The Siberian cat breed may be new to North America, but it is not new to the world. Medium to long-haired Siberian forest cats have been around for many years. Exactly when these cats arrived in Siberia is not known but many believe that the Siberian cat breed arrived with Russian emigrants.

Siberian fanciers say that the Russians while immigrating to Siberia brought their cats with them. The mutation for long hair might have occurred in three different areas - Russia, Turkey, and Persia (Iran).

However, there is a possibility that the mutation for long hair originally started in Russia and spread from Russia into Turkey, crossbreeding with the local cats to become the Turkish Angora. And into Persian by crossbreeding with local cats resulting in Persian cats. So, we can say that all longhairs are basically derived from Russian long hair.

Because of the cold climate in Siberia, these cats have long coats. These cats developed longer hair, all-weather coats, and large bodies through mating with the local cats. The Siberian cats have developed into a strong and long-haired breed able to handle the unforgiving climate conditions of the region.

As per the Russian Stories, the Siberian cats once weighed more than 40 pounds and protected their households and human companions. In the book ‘Our Cats and All About Them’ by Harrison Weir, he noted in the chapter Long-haired cats and their varieties in his time. The Russian, Persian, and Angora were shown in his popular modern cat show at the Crystal Palace in London in July 1871.

Weir is also famous as the ‘Father of the Cat Fancy’, he wrote that the Russian Longhair is different from the Persian and Angora in a number of ways including its size, colored eyes, longer mane, and large coats. However, Russian longhairs may or may not have been Siberians because apparently there is no record that these cats were kept in Russia during that time.

In 1980, the government of the former Soviet Union discouraged its citizens from owning pets because of food shortages. The government lifted the restrictions in 1987 and fanciers and breeders formed cat clubs and started keeping cat breed records. The first Russian cat show was observed in Moscow in 1988. The International Cat Breed recognized the Siberian cat breed in 1996 and the breed was accepted by the American Cat Fanciers Associations in 2006.

Siberian Cat Physical Attributes

These are medium to large size cats with an overall excellent physical condition, strength, alertness, and a cute facial expression.

Body - A medium-sized and well-muscled with the back slightly higher than the shoulders and a firm belly giving the look of solid weight.

Head - A modified wedge with rounded counters and in balanced proportion to the body. A broad front at the top of the skull and a rounded muzzle. Balanced cheekbones and a slight doming between the ears and the forehead.

A well-rounded chin that is in line with the nose. The muzzle is slightly short in length and rounded. The top of the head is completely flat with a nose curvature of a slope from the forehead area to the nose. A rounded, strong, and well-muscled neck.

Eyes - Siberian cats typically have green, copper, or golden eyes. White Siberians may have blue eyes.

Tail - A medium-sized tail slightly shorter than the body length. It is wide at the base, tapering to a blunt tip without kinks, and evenly furnished.

Ears - These cats have medium to large ears and wide at the base. Short and thin hair at the backside of the ears. The furnishings are longer in the middle of the ear and cover the base.

Legs and Paws - Legs are medium in length and have boning with the hind legs that are slightly longer than the front legs. Big and rounded feet with amazing toe tufts.

Coat - Moderate to the longhaired cat with a triple coat. These cats have thick and slightly shorter hair on the shoulder blades and lower part of the chest. The hair thickens to curls on the belly area and britches.

Colors and Patterns - All combinations of colors are accepted with or without white color. These are white, black, ebony, red, orange, blue, gray, lavender, silver, cream, beige, tan, chocolate, brown, sable, cinnamon, fawn, and lilac. White is allowed on the chin, stomach, and breast. Strong colors clear patterns and shadings are desirable.

Siberian Cat Characteristics

If you are looking for a medium to longhaired cat that is both breathtaking with its looks and affectionate pet then the Siberian cat is definitely for you. The breed’s strong and solid body is what holds up to the tough environment.

They are affectionate, outgoing, and friendly. The Siberian cats get along well with other cats and dogs.

Siberian Cat Personality

Siberian cats are loving, affectionate, and have a good personality. They are alert, and playful, and will follow you around the house. They are very intelligent and have the ability to problem-solve especially when they want something.

Despite their weight and size, they are great jumpers and can leap bookcases in a single jump. These cats are people-friendly and need time and attention from their owners. They will eagerly wait for you when you come home and tell you about their day.

Siberian cats are not that talkative but definitely know how to express themselves using meows, chirps, and purring. This is one of those cat breeds that really enjoy the grooming sessions while sitting in your lap. Another favorite game of Siberian cats is the bringing of toys or sticks for you to throw at them again and again. They love playing with toys and really enjoy watching nature shows on TV.

Siberian Cat Temperament

The Siberian cats are intelligent and playful and you can easily teach them different tricks. They love to climb heights and will make their way to the things they need.

They are not demanding and talkative. These are one of those cat breeds that can get along well with everyone including children, dogs, and other cat breeds. However, these cats get suspicious of new people until they are used to them.

Siberian Cat Health Issues

Siberian cats are relatively healthy as compared to other cat breeds. Although they do have a slightly higher risk of ‘Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy’ also known as ‘HCM’. It is a condition in which the heart muscle thickens. This condition is quite common in Siberian breeds.

Mutations of several heart genes have been identified in some cats with HCM which shows that genes do play a role.

Responsible Siberian cat breeders screen their pets for this disease in order to avoid breeding cats with this disease. So, it cannot be passed on to future generations.

Remember if you have taken a pet home, you have to protect him from common health problems. And for a Siberian cat, it is very important to keep him at an appropriate weight. It is one of the easiest ways to protect your pets from heart diseases and for overall good health. So, it is essential for you to make the most of your preventive abilities in order to ensure your pet is in a healthier state.

Siberian Cat Care & Grooming

The thick triple coat of the Siberian cats should be combed 3 to 4 times a week to prevent tangles. The coat will shed during the spring and fall season and you may have to groom your cat more frequently during that time period.

A regular bath is not required since the Siberian cat is highly water-resistant because of the triple coat. So, it will not be easy to get your Siberian wet enough to shampoo him.

Siberian Cat Diet & Nutrition

Any idea how to choose the best food for your Siberian cat? Talk with your veterinarian in deciding the best cat food that can provide complete nutrition.

It is important to give Siberian cats complete and balanced nutrition depending upon two factors: age and activity levels.

Although dry food is a convenient choice but canned food contains fewer cards and more moisture. Because most cats do not drink enough water it can eventually affect their kidneys and overall health. Feed measured amounts of food two to three times a day and take away the unfinished food as this can increase the risk of obesity in cats.

Make sure to consult with your veterinarian about the type of food and amount to feed your cat. Keep in mind that cats have a greater risk of obesity based upon their age, diet, and metabolism level. Therefore, your veterinarian can best guide you in this matter.

Siberian Cats for Sale

The Siberian cat is truly a loving, affectionate, and family cat. This feline is gentle with everyone and will entertain your kids and welcome your guests. These are also best suited for those allergic to cats because of Siberian’s low level of Fel d1 protein.

The Siberian cat is the best option for you if you are looking for a low-maintenance cat breed. If you like Siberian cats, you might also go for a Norwegian forest cat, Main coon, and Sphynx.

The Siberian cats cost around $100 if you are looking for a Siberian Cat for sale. But the Siberian Cat price may be in the range of $1,100-$1,500 if you are purchasing from a breeder.

Siberian Cat as an Emotional Support Animal

Do you know that Siberian cats can make amazing companions for emotional support?

Siberian cats are always a delight to be around. There is magic in their energy. They can be a great option for people with depression and other mental disorders. They provide more than just entertainment and companionship.

Therefore, Siberian cats can be a great help in animal-assisted therapies and can be used as an emotional support cats for people.

However, almost any type of domestic cat can be considered an ESA. Usually, people think that dogs can make good ESAs but cats can also be a great source of emotional support. And the Siberian cat is one of the best options if you are looking for an adorable and affectionate cat with fewer grooming requirements.

If you are thinking about owning a Siberian cat or having one and decided to make him your ESA, you must know all about this breed. The Siberian Cat is an ideal choice for being an ESA because of its loving and affectionate nature.

You can also contact us at RealESALetter.com and see if you qualify. If qualified, we will help you get an emotional support animal letter within 24 hours.

A legitimate ESA letter will help you live and travel with your pet easily.

Frequently Asked Questions

Do Siberian cats shed?

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Siberian cats do not shed a lot. They typically shed twice a year: in spring and fall. In the spring, they shed their long winter coat and in fall, they shed their shorter coat.

Can Siberian cats be indoor cats?

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Siberian cats can either be indoor or outdoor. Although they are very energetic and playful, they can be very happy indoor cats if they have a lot of toys to play with.


Do Siberian cats get along well with dogs?

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Yes, Siberian cats can get along well with other dogs. They are curious, playful, and love to interact with other dogs and cats. They are particularly very patient and enjoy forming relationships with family members and other pets.

Are Siberian cats bigger than Maine Coons?

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No. Main Coons are bigger in size than Siberian cats. The average weight of Maincoon cats is 18 pounds and they are 3 feet in height. On the other hand, the average weight of Siberian cats is 17 pounds and they are 2 feet in height.


Harper Jefcoat


Harper Jefcoat

Harper Jefcoat is a dedicated pet enthusiast and esteemed author at RealESALetter.com. With a profound passion for animals, Harper combines extensive knowledge and personal experience to provide insightful and informative content. Specializing in canine behavior and wellness, he strives to empower pet owners with the tools and understanding they need to nurture and care for their furry friends effectively. Harper’s writings reflect his commitment to enhancing the lives of pets and their owners, making him a trusted voice in the pet community.

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